Archive for the ‘Newcastle’ Category

Crinoids Fossils

Posted: April 3, 2017 in History, Natural History, Newcastle, UK
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Despite their appearance Crinoids are animals. They were common in pre-historic times and often are found as fossils.

These are from The Hancock Museum in Newcastle and are particularly fine specimens.

What they may have looked like

The worship of the God Mithras, although originating in Persia, had come to the Roman Empire through the Greeks. It was popular amongst the Military and a number of Mithraic temples (Mithraeum) have been discovered on Miltary sites connected with Hadrian’s Wall.

 

Relief of Mithras killing the Bull from Mithraeum at Housesteads Fort

Relief of Mithras killing the Bull from Mithraeum at Housesteads Fort

Statue of Birth of Mithras from Mithraeum at Housesteads Fort

Statue of Birth of Mithras from Mithraeum at Housesteads Fort

Altar dedicated Mithras the Invincible by the Prefect of 1st cohort of Batavians (from near the mouth of the river Rhine) from Mithraeum at Carrawburgh

Altar dedicated to Mithras the Invincible by the Prefect of 1st cohort of Batavians (from near the mouth of the river Rhine) from Mithraeum at Carrawburgh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Altar dedicated to Mithras from Mithraeum at Carrawburgh. It was probably painted as some green paint was still present on it when found

Altar dedicated to Mithras from Mithraeum at Carrawburgh. It was probably painted as some green paint was still present on it when found

Altar dedicated Mithras by Aulus Cluentius Habitus, an Italian from Lanneum in the Apenines - from Mithraeum at Carrawburgh

Altar dedicated to Mithras by Aulus Cluentius Habitus, an Italian from Lanneum in the Apennines – from Mithraeum at Carrawburgh

For many centuries during the Roman occupation the area around Newcastle was the frontier between the Roman Empire and the wild lands that lay beyond. The collection of Roman artefacts at The Hancock Museum in Newcastle is drawn from local excavations and reflects the life and the variety of people who found their way to this the most northern part of the Empire.

Altar to the 'Genius of the Emperor' set up by 1st cohort of Vardulli (scouts) who came from Northern Spain

Altar to the ‘Genius of the Emperor’ set up by 1st cohort of Vardulli (scouts) who came from Northern Spain

Relief of a Syrian Archer

Relief of a Syrian Archer

Tombstone of Aurelia Aia, a Christian from Salonae in Croatia - the wife of a soldier

Tombstone of Aurelia Aia, a Christian from Salonae in Croatia – the wife of a soldier

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tombstone of the baby son of Aurelius Julianus, Tribune 1st Aelian Cohort (from Roumania) and 1st Thracian Cohort (from Bulgaria /Turekey)

Tombstone of the baby son of Aurelius Julianus, Tribune 1st Aelian Cohort (from Roumania) and 1st Thracian Cohort (from Bulgaria /Turkey)

Tombstone of Aureilia Aureliana. Late 3rd century AD

Tombstone of Aureilia Aureliana. Late 3rd century AD

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A pair of altars found near the bridge at Newcastle. They probably come from a harbour shrine as one is dedicated to the river god Neptune (Trident) and the other to the Sea god Oceanus (Anchor). They were set up by the 6th Legion, who played a major part in the building of Hadrian’s wall

For many centuries during the Roman occupation the area around Newcastle was the frontier between the Roman Empire and the wild lands that lay beyond. The collection of Roman artefacts at The Hancock Museum in Newcastle is drawn from local excavations and reflects the life and the variety of people who found their way to this the most northern part of the Empire.

Quern-stone for grinding corn into flour

Quern-stone for grinding corn into flour

Amphora originating in Southern Spain

Amphora originating from Southern Spain

Italian Red slip ware

Italian Red slip ware

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Altar dedicated to the godess Minerva

Altar dedicated to the goddess Minerva

Statue head from Temple at Benwell Fort

Statue head from Temple at Benwell Fort

Roman coffin found in Newcastle

Roman coffin found in Newcastle

Roman coffin found in Newcastle

Roman coffin found in Newcastle

 

The bullfinch is one of the most attractive birds and one of my favourites. So it was very exciting to get the opportunity to photograph them at The Wetlands Trust at Washington.

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A trip out of London for today’s post: The Renwick memorial (also known as ‘The Response’) is to be found in central Newcastle, where it stands in the grounds of St Thomas’ church at Barras Bridge.20150504_101210a

The Renwick Memorial is dedicated to all those who answered the call to serve in the armed forces in World War 1. Its scenes depict the soldiers leaving their loved ones to go off to war.  The memorial was commissioned by Sir George and Lady Renwick and given to the city in 1923 to commemorate three events: the raising of the Commercial Battalion of the Northumberland Fusiliers; the return of the five Renwick sons from the war; and Sir George Renwick’s attainment of 50 years of commercial life on Newcastle Quayside it was unveiled by the Prince of Wales as part of a visit that he made to the city in July 1923.

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The reverse of the memorial depicting a Northumberland Fusilier of 1674 and of 1918 and St George

The reverse of the memorial depicting a Northumberland Fusilier of 1674 and of 1918 and St George

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The Response is a war memorial dedicated to the Northumberland Fusiliers. The bronze on the front depicts a group of soldiers from the regiment leaving for war in October 1914. On the rear is a carving of St George flanked by two members of the Fusiliers from 1674 and 1919. It stands next to the church of St Thomas the Martyr by Barras Bridge. The sculptor was Sir William Gascombe John who had studied in Paris under Rodin. It was unvieled in July 1923 and was restored in 2007.

 

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As you travel around Newcastle there are many reminders of the historic importance of the city and as in many of our modern cities they sit alongside the modern developments. Some such as the Baltic Mill have found new leases of life very different to their original function.

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Baltic Mill - now an arts centre

Baltic Mill – now an arts centre

All that remains of the Castle

All that remains of the Castle

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A bar on the riverside

A bar on the riverside

The Sage, Gateshead ( an arts venue) seen from Newcastle river front

The Sage, Gateshead ( an arts venue) seen from Newcastle river front

The  castle keep surrounded by roads and rail

The castle keep surrounded by roads and rail

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Another iconic image of the City of Newcastle are the seven bridges which connect it to Gateshead on the southern side of the river Tyne.

Swing Bridge 1876

Swing Bridge 1876

High level bridge 1849 carries both a road and railways

High level bridge 1849 carries both a road and railways

Tyne Bridge 1928

Tyne Bridge 1928

Millenium Bridge 2000. The worlds only tilting footbridge

Millenium Bridge 2000. The worlds only tilting footbridge

Millenium Bridge

Millenium Bridge

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Whilst in Newcastle recently I managed to find time to do the tourist bus trail. One of the iconic places in the city centre we passed was St James’ Park, home to Newcastle United and the Toon Army.

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And for anyone wondering what it looks like inside

St James' Park
Photo by Jack Pickard (https://www.flickr.com/photos/thepickards/)